The Binghamton Neighborhood Project (BNP) is a group of faculty and students from Binghamton University (BU) that works with community partners to improve the quality of life in our area. The most distinctive feature of the BNP is its scientific foundation. An explosion of basic scientific research relevant to the human condition has taken place over the last few decades, including an integration among disciplines that is ultimately rooted in evolutionary theory. This newly derived knowledge can provide new solutions to a wide range of practical problems. In fact, never before have basic and applied research contributed so strongly to each other.